Secretary of State John Kerry said Tuesday that Egypt has made progress in its democratic transition but must address "disturbing" developments if its government is to have the confidence of the Egyptian people and others. The comments came as a key U.S. legislator said he wouldn't allow the release of any U.S. aid to Egypt until the government there proves it is committed to the rule of law.
Meeting with Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy at the State Department, Kerry said the United States wants Egypt to succeed as a democracy and called its new constitution a positive step. But, as Egypt prepares for elections next month, he described the mass death sentences handed down to supporters of the country's deposed president as troubling and called into question the rule of law. On Monday, an Egyptian judge sentenced more than 680 people to death in a mass trial that was widely denounced in the West and by human rights groups.
"There have been disturbing decisions within the judicial process, the court system that have raised serious challenges for all of us," Kerry said. "We really are looking for certain things to happen that will give people the sense of confidence about this road ahead," he said. "It's actions, not words, that will make the difference."
Egypt is struggling to restore representative government following last year's military coup of its president, Mohamed Morsi, who won a democratic election after protesters toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak. The country has been plagued by unrest and militant attacks since Morsi's July overthrow. Egypt's military-backed interim government has launched a sweeping campaign against Morsi's backers and members of the Muslim Brotherhood, of which he was a part, killing hundreds and jailing thousands.
Fahmy acknowledged Egypt faces "challenges" but said he was confident they would be overcome. He said the recent verdicts were rendered by an independent judiciary.
"We need to deal with the challenges we face without disturbing institutional relationships," he said, referring to the courts. "They are completely independent from the government, but, of course, they are part of what Egypt is all about," Fahmy said. "I can't comment on the content of the decisions themselves (but) I am confident that due process is allowed and that the legal system will ultimately end up with proper decisions in each of these cases."
The verdict in Monday's mass sentencing came less than a week after Kerry certified to Congress that Egypt is upholding its peace treaty with Israel and strategic commitments to the U.S. The Pentagon subsequently released a hold on the delivery of 10 Apache helicopters to Egypt's military.
Kerry has not yet certified that Egypt is meeting the democratic standards required for the remainder of the $1.5 billion in U.S. assistance to be sent. But even the $680 million he approved last week is in jeopardy after Sen. Patrick Leahy, a Democrat who chairs the Senate Appropriations panel for U.S. foreign operations, raised objections on the Senate floor Tuesday.
"I am not prepared to sign off on the delivery of additional aid for the Egyptian military until we have a better understanding of how the aid would be used, and we see convincing evidence that the government is committed to the rule of law," Leahy said.
Hours after his Senate speech, Leahy lashed into Egypt's government again.
"No country with any sense of morality, with any sense of human values, with any sense of honesty ... is going to sentence hundreds of people to death after 40- or 50-minute trials," he told reporters. "It's obscene. It's wrong. And the United States should not be supporting a country like that."
Sen. John McCain said he was working on an Egypt bill with Republican colleague Sen. Lindsey Graham. Their legislation, however, would only affect economic aid to Egypt's government.
"We're not going to be able to stop the military aid," McCain said.