Russia dropped piracy charges Wednesday against 30 people involved in a Greenpeace protest against Arctic oil drilling. They are now charged with lesser offences, cutting their maximum possible jail sentences to seven years from 15.
Greenpeace has said the arrests and charges are intended to frighten off campaigners protesting against drilling in the Arctic, a region Putin describes as crucial to Russia's economic future and its security.
The charges against activists, who protested at a Gazprom oil platform off Russia's northern coast last month, have been changed from piracy to hooliganism, the federal Investigative Committee said in a statement.
Greenpeace said the new charges were still "wildly disproportionate," and promised to contest them.
All 30 people who were aboard the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise during the Sept. 18 protest, in which activists tried to scale the Prirazlomnaya platform, are being held in detention in the northern Murmansk region until at least late November.
The Investigative Committee said it had begun the procedure of pressing the new charges, which carry a maximum sentence of seven years in prison. The piracy charges were punishable by 10 to 15 years.
Greenpeace called the hooliganism charge "nothing less than an assault on the very principle of peaceful protest."
"This is still a wildly disproportionate charge that carries up to seven years in jail," said a statement issued by Vladimir Chuprov of Greenpeace Russia.
"We will contest the trumped up charge of hooliganism as strongly as we contested the piracy allegations. They are both fantasy charges that bear no relation to reality," Chuprov said. "The (activists) are no more hooligans than they were pirates."
Russian President Vladimir Putin has said that the activists were clearly not pirates, but that they had violated international law.
The Investigative Committee dismissed Greenpeace's claim that the protest was peaceful, saying that "anyone who illegally and premeditatedly seizes ... a stationary platform is committing a crime, no matter what their motive."
The committee said the investigation was continuing, and reiterated an earlier statement that it could still bring additional severe charges against some of the activists, including the use of force against representatives of the state.
Courts in the Russian city of Murmansk have denied bail to the people of 18 different nationalities who were detained — 28 activists, including the crew of the Arctic Sunrise, and two freelance journalists who were documenting the protests.
Moscow says the environmental protesters violated a security zone around Prirazlomnaya, which is Russia's first offshore oil platform in the Arctic and is scheduled to begin production by the end of the year after delays.
The United States believes "the purpose and nature of the actions taken by the defendants in attempting a peaceful protest should be fully taken into account as the Russian investigation proceeds," U.S. State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said.
"We are going to continue monitoring it closely," she said at a daily briefing. The captain of the Dutch-registered Arctic Sunrise and another activist are American, and Harf said U.S. diplomats had visited both of them since their detention.
Earlier on Wednesday, Russia said it would not take part in a case filed with the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in which the Dutch government is seeking the release of the activists pending trial.