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STEPHEN JIN-WOO KIM
A former State Department contractor, Kim was charged in August 2010 with "illegally disclosing national defense information to someone in the media," eventually identified as Fox News reporter James Rosen. The information concerned North Korea's nuclear program. Kim is awaiting trial, which is not expected to occur before 2014.
Army Pfc. Chelsea Manning (formerly Bradley Manning) was charged in July 2010 with multiple violations of the Espionage Act, including disclosing U.S. government information to WikiLeaks. A military judge in July found Manning not guilty of "aiding the enemy," the most serious charge, but convicted her of other charges under the Espionage Act including stealing government property.
A former CIA employee, Sterling allegedly disclosed information about Iran's nuclear program to New York Times reporter James Risen. Speaking to a journalism class in June this year, Sterling maintained his innocence and claimed he was never the source of information for the Times report. His trial is on hold while courts deliberate whether Risen can be forced to testify in the case. Sterling faces six charges under the Espionage Act that carry a maximum of 10 years each in prison. Four other charges include penalties of a possible 20-year sentence and fines up to $250,000.
The former CIA officer was sentenced in January to 30 months in prison for sharing with a freelance writer the name of an undercover CIA agent who was working at the time in the CIA’s interrogation program. Kiriakou says he believed the CIA agent had retired.
A former Navy linguist contractor, Hitselberger was charged with retaining classified information and shipping it back to Stanford University, which maintains a collection there in his name. One report said the classified documents contained "sensitive information about troop positions, gaps in U.S. intelligence and commanders' travel plans." He is being detained without bail. The court overseeing his case recently allowed him to visit the Library of Congress "to conduct research in aid of his defense, and for no other purpose." His trial date has not been set.
The 30-year-old former National Security Agency contractor disclosed the existence of U.S. government surveillance programs to The Guardian and The Washington Post. He faces a maximum of 30 years in prison, and possibly more if additional charges are made. Snowden revealed his identity in June shortly after the publication of the newspaper articles.