UN chemical weapons inspectors arrive in Syria

Weapons inspectors to investigate charges Assad regime used chemical weapons in civil conflict

The UN chemical weapons investigation team arrives in Damascus on August 18, 2013. The UN team arrived at a hotel in the Syrian capital to begin their hard-won mission, which UN officials have said will last two weeks.
Louai Beshara/AFP/Getty

U.N. inspectors arrived Sunday in the Syrian capital of Damascus on a mission to investigate the alleged use of chemical weapons, as Syrian officials vowed to fully cooperate with them. Their arrival comes after months of refusals by Syria’s government to let the teams into the war-ravaged country, where more than 100,000 people have been killed since fighting began in 2011.

Syrian plainclothes security men whisked away the 20-member team, led by Swedish chemical weapons expert Ake Sellstrom, from a crush of waiting reporters and cameramen as they arrived at their five-star hotel in the heart of Damascus.

"I assure you, on behalf of the Syrian Arab Republic, that we will fully cooperate with this team and provide it with all information we have and all facilities to reach a rational conclusion," Syria’s Deputy Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad told the Associated Press.

"Our basic target is for this team to find facts on ground, especially about what happened in Khan al-Assal, because we, as a government, do not know about any other cases other than the case where chemical weapons were used by terrorists there," he said. Syria's government refers to rebels fighting its rule as "terrorists."

Khan al-Assal is a suburb of Aleppo, Syria’s second largest-city and the scene of heavy fighting between Syrian government forces and rebel fighters.

The U.N. team's mission will be limited to investigating the alleged use of chemical weapons in three areas, in particular the March 19 attack in Khan al-Assal that President Bashar al-Assad blames on rebels. The other two sites have been kept secret.

Assad's government and the rebels fighting to topple him each say the other side has used chemical weapons during the 28-month conflict.

Assad had refused to allow a broader U.N. investigation into allegations of chemical use, including charges that have been leveled by the United States, Britain and France.

Mekdad insisted that Syria "will never use chemical weapons against its people."

"We said that these weapons were used in Syria, and Syria was the first to inform the United Nations that armed groups used these weapons in Khan al-Assal," he said.

"We had wished that the United Nations had conducted the investigation immediately at the time so the team would not find difficulties gathering evidence."

In June, Washington said that Syria's government used the nerve agent sarin on two occasions in the embattled city of Aleppo in the March 19 attack on Khan al-Assal, and in an April 13 attack on the neighborhood of Sheikh Maqsud.

The letter from then-U.S. Ambassador Susan Rice also said unspecified chemicals, possibly including chemical warfare agents, were used May 14 in an attack on the town of Qasr Abu Samrah, and in a May 23 attack on the town of Adra.

In March, Britain and France told the U.N. secretary-general they have reliable evidence that the Syrian government used chemical weapons near Aleppo, in Homs and possibly in Damascus.

The British and French ambassadors told Ban Ki-moon in a letter on March 25 that soil samples and interviews with witnesses and opposition figures backed their belief that the government used chemical shells that had caused injuries and deaths, diplomats and officials said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the letter has not been made public.

On March 23, Britain and France asked the U.N. chief to investigate allegations of chemical weapons use in two locations in Khan al-Assal and the village of Ataybah in the vicinity of Damascus, all on March 19, as well as in Homs on Dec. 23.

Al Jazeera and The Associated Press

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