Malta bows to EU, amends controversial 'citizenship for sale' program

European Union had pressured the island nation to require applicants to live in country for one year

Malta's Prime Minister, Lawrence Gonzi (left), overlooks the capital city of Valletta's harbor.
Lino Azzopardi/AP

Bowing to stiff European Union criticism, Malta has agreed to require one year of residency for foreigners buying Maltese passports, amending a controversial citizenship program aimed at attracting ultra-high net worth individuals.

Last year, Malta introduced a controversial program which allowed for wealthy individuals who invested $1.57 million in the country to apply for citizenship. Because the tiny Mediterranean island nation is a member of the European Union, Maltese passport holders become EU citizens with rights to travel easily between the 26 states in the Union's Schengen Zone.

Malta and the European Commission said in a joint statement Wednesday night that naturalization certificates will only be granted after applicants prove they have lived in Malta for a year.

Malta's Parliament still must debate the proposed changes.

London-based Henley and Partners, which is managing the program, said that “only highly respectable clients will be admitted” and that they will be subject to extensive vetting.

The firm cites “tax-planning” and “political circumstances” – everything from civil war to travel restrictions imposed on residents from certain countries – as reasons the ultra-rich might choose to apply for a second passport.

Initially, there was to be a 1,800 cap on the number of such passports granted, but the statement said Malta now reserves the right to raise that limit.

Earlier this month, the European Parliament had urged Malta to stop the program. Malta is not the only EU member to sell citizenship — Austria and Cyprus have similar programs that grant immediate citizenship to investors without proof of residence.

Al Jazeera and The Associated Press

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