President Barack Obama on Friday signed into law an agriculture spending bill that will spread benefits to farmers in every region of the country, while cutting the food stamp program that prompted a two-year battle over the legislation.
As he penned his name on the five-year measure at Michigan State University, the president said the wide-ranging bill "multitasks" by helping boost jobs, innovation, research and conservation. "It's like a Swiss Army knife," he joked.
But not everyone is happy with the legislation, and Obama acknowledged that its passage was "a very challenging piece of business."
The bill expands federal crop insurance, and ends direct government payments that go to farmers whether they produce anything or not. But the bulk of its nearly $100 billion-per-year cost is for the food stamp program, which aids 1 in 7 Americans.
The bill finally passed with support from Democratic and Republican lawmakers from farming states, but the bipartisan spirit did not extend to the signing ceremony, where Obama was flanked by farm equipment, hay bales and Democratic lawmakers. White House press secretary Jay Carney said several Republicans were invited, but all declined to attend.
Conservatives remain unhappy with the bill and its generous new subsidies for interests ranging from Southern peanut growers and hemp farmers to the Northeast maple syrup industry.
They had also wanted much larger cuts to food stamps than the $800 million that Congress finally approved in a compromise. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack told reporters he did not expect the cut of about 1 percent of the food stamp budget to have a significant impact on recipients.
Obama promised in his State of the Union address last week to make 2014 a year of action, using his presidential powers in addition to pushing a Congress that is usually reluctant to go along with his ideas. In that spirit, he is coupling the signing of the farm bill with a new administration initiative called Made in Rural America to connect rural businesses with federal resources that can help sell their products and services abroad.
Obama's trip was a reward for Sen. Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., who as chairwoman of the Senate Agriculture Committee helped broker the hard-fought farm bill compromise after years of setbacks. Michigan State, a leading agricultural research school, is Stabenow's alma mater.
Obama also squeezed into his three-hour visit to Michigan a lunch with Detroit Mayor Mike Duggan. Duggan took office last month, as the city goes through the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
The Associated Press