Nigeria's Boko Haram armed group is blamed for using teens and women to carry out suicide bombings in neighboring Chad and Cameroon this weekend, killing more than 45 people as a multinational force prepares to deploy against them.
Two girls, ages of 13 to 17, carried out suicide bombings in the northern Cameroonian village of Kangeleri near Mora town on Sunday, killing at least nine people and wounding 29 others, said Cameroon's Minister of Communications Issa Tchiroma Bakary.
The Cameroon explosions come after five coordinated suicide bombings in neighboring Chad on Saturday killed at least 36 people and wounded some 50 others in a village near Lake Chad that is home to thousands of Nigerians who have fled the group’s violence. The government said a man, two women and two children carried out the attacks.
The use of girls and women in recent suicide bombings in Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger raises fears that Boko Haram is using kidnap victims to target countries that are helping combat the rebels.
"They have shifted their tactics. They have noticed it is impossible to face our forces, so they are now using young girls or young boys with explosives, who go more undetected, in areas they are told to go," said Bakary. He added it is difficult to know if the young girls know that they will die. "We guess that they use the girls who were kidnapped here and there, they brainwash them and use them."
A Nigerian military explosives expert has told The Associated Press that many of the bombs are remotely controlled, meaning the bomber may not know when the explosives will be detonated.
Boko Haram members are trying to spread violence after pledging allegiance to Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) earlier this year, said Bakary.
"As a token of their commitment they have to act," he said. "This is to prove to their master how determined they are. This is the best way to receive money."
The shift also comes as Nigeria and its neighbors prepare to launch a multinational force. Earlier this year Chadian troops helped Nigerian forces drive Boko Haram out of towns and villages in northeastern Nigeria. Abubakar Shekau, the leader of Boko Haram, announced in August of 2014 that the town of Gwoza was part of an Islamic caliphate, Agence France-Presse news agency reported.
Bakary called for more community self-defense groups, with people trained to neutralize the attackers, until the multinational force is fully prepared.
"Boko Haram knows their days are numbered given it will be impossible to face an army like this one, and to remain in their strongholds. We are going to take them down where they are," he said.
The multinational force, with troops from Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Benin, is growing in numbers, military equipment and intelligence, Bakary said. It's a matter of weeks or months until the necessary intelligence, information and weapons are in place, he said, adding that France, U.S. and China have promised to give training.
Boko Haram's six-year uprising has left an estimated 20,000 people dead, according to Amnesty International.