Turkish police stormed the offices of an opposition media company on Wednesday, days before an election, in a crackdown on companies linked to a U.S.-based cleric and foe of President Tayyip Erdogan.
Brawls broke out and police fired water cannon to disperse around 500 people who gathered in front of the offices of Kanalturk and Bugun TV in Istanbul to protest against the police action.
Erdogan hopes the AK Party he founded will regain the one-party rule it lost in a June vote. Polls, however, indicate it is unlikely it will secure such a vote on Nov. 1, let alone the large majority it would need to change the constitution and endow the presidency with the broad powers Erdogan seeks .
The media groups are owned by Koza Ipek Holding, which has links to preacher Fethullah Gulen. The authorities on Tuesday took over 22 companies owned by Koza Ipek in an investigation of alleged financial irregularities, including whether it funded Gulen, whom Erdogan terms a terrorist.
The company denies wrongdoing.
"This is a coup against opposition, against the media, against our existing constitution and against freedom of enterprise," Abdulhamit Bilici, editor-in-chief of the Gulen-affiliated Zaman newspaper, told Reuters TV.
"Coups don't happen only by tanks or by generals. Now we are witnessing a different coup under a civilian umbrella. This will not be acceptable for the Turkish people and this will not be acceptable for the international friends of Turkey."
NATO member Turkey approaches elections amid renewed fighting between security forces and Kurdish insurgents as well as evidence of a spillover of turmoil from neighboring Syria. Over 100 people were killed in a suicide bomb attack in Ankara this month blamed on the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant.
But rising violence has not distracted Erdogan from the battle against Gulen, who before their estrangement had helped him consolidate power in the early years of his government
Erdogan clamped down on Gulen's commercial interests after police and prosecutors considered sympathetic to the cleric opened a graft investigation of Erdogan's inner circle in 2013. He has also purged police and judiciary.
As police arrived to ensure the entry of administrators to take over the companies on Wednesday, the crowd of protesters chanted "the free media cannot be silenced".
"All I want is to be able to watch the channel I want when I get up in the morning, freely and in a democratic way. They are trying to silence it," said Hesna Kekec, a housewife who came from the northwestern province of Kocaeli to protest.
Aydin Unal, an AK Party lawmaker and former Erdogan adviser, said on Tuesday legal action was planned against more opposition newspapers, including the nationalist Sozcu newspaper.
"Sozcu newspaper insults us every day," Unal told A Haber channel.
"There is a lot of pressure on Turkey. If we say something, the world accuses us of interfering with the press, so we're not in a comfortable position now, but after Nov. 1 we will settle up with all of them."
Rights groups questioned the move against opposition media outlets so close to an election.
"The government's seizure of Koza Ipek undermines the fairness of the Nov. 1 parliamentary elections," Robert Herman of Freedom House said in an e-mailed statement.
A prosecutor is seeking a prison sentence of up to 34 years for Gulen, 74, on allegations that he ran a "parallel" structure within state institutions that sought to topple Erdogan, who has led Turkey, first as prime minister, then president, since 2003.
Gulen has lived in self-imposed exile in the United States since 1999.
A handful of prominent journalists who worked at Gulen-affiliated newspapers and TV stations are in pre-trial detention on similar charges.
Beyond his battle against Gulen, critics of Erdogan accuse him of increasing authoritarianism and of using the judiciary to crack down on rivals and opponents.
The mainstream Hurriyet news website said on Wednesday a court case had been opened in the southeastern city of Diyarbakir against two cousins, aged 12 and 13, who ripped down a poster of Erdogan from a billboard in the city.
Under the charge of "insulting the president" they face up to four years and eight months in prison, the paper said, adding the first hearing had been set for Dec. 8.