A significant majority of Americans believe combating global warming is a moral issue that obligates them — and world leaders — to reduce carbon emissions, a new survey indicates.
The Reuters/IPSOS poll of 2,827 Americans was conducted in February to measure the impact of moral language, including interventions by Pope Francis, on the climate change debate.
In recent months, the pope has warned about the consequences of failing to act on rising global temperatures, the impact of which is expected to disproportionately affect the lives of the world’s poor.
The result of the poll, released Friday, suggests that appeals based on ethics could be key to shifting the debate over climate change in the United States.
Two-thirds of respondents said that world leaders are morally obligated to take action to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. And 72 percent said they were “personally morally obligated” to do what they can in their daily lives to reduce emissions.
Poor countries often bear the brunt of climate change’s effects in terms of extreme weather, droughts and storms, and are often unable to fund infrastructure to mitigate the damage of disasters.
As part of his efforts to highlight climate change, the Pope visited storm-ravaged islands in the Philippines last month to console survivors of Typhoon Haiyan, which scientists say was made stronger by warmer ocean temperatures. Haiyan left over 7,000 dead in the Philippines in 2013. Unable to recover, one year later over 25,000 still lived in tents and other temporary structures.
“When climate change is viewed through a moral lens it has broader appeal,” said Eric Sapp, executive director of the American Values Network, a grassroots organization that mobilizes faith-based communities on politics and policy issues.
“The climate debate can be very intellectual at times, all about economic systems and science we don’t understand. This makes it about us, our neighbors and about doing the right thing.”
Some observers believe the pope’s message can resonate beyond his own church.
“The moral imperative is the way to reach out to conservatives,” said Rev. Mitch Hescox, president of the Evangelic Environmental Network, a large evangelical organization that advocates for action on climate change.
Talking in terms of values is “the only way forward if we are to bring our fellow Republicans along,” he added. Moral questions are increasingly invoked in the climate debate — and not just among anti-carbon activists.
In a Feb. 12 speech to oil industry leaders in London, Royal Dutch Shell CEO Ben van Beurden noted that “the issue is how to balance one moral obligation, energy access for all, against the other: fighting climate change.”
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has also wrapped some of its anti-pollution initiatives in the language of “climate justice,” likening the battle against climate change to the mid-20th century fight for civil rights.
Pope Francis has vowed to make fighting climate change a centerpiece of his papacy, using his authority as head of the world’s 1.2 billion Roman Catholics to push political leaders toward a deal at a United Nations-sponsored conference in Paris this December that is aimed at cutting carbon emissions.
The pope has confronted critics of climate change science that finds human activities responsible for increases in global temperatures, saying in January that it is mostly "man who has slapped nature in the face.”
Sixty-four percent of those polled agreed with the pope that human activities are largely responsible for the rising Co2 levels that scientists say drive climate change.
The pope also criticized the negotiators at a global climate conference in Peru last December for “a lack of courage” and has promised to issue an encyclical — a letter setting out papal doctrine — on climate issues that he hopes will add momentum to getting a deal in Paris.
In turn, he has been attacked by those who deny the scientific findings on global warming for aligning himself with environmentalists.
But only one in 10 of respondents saw him as a voice of authority on the issue, on a par with Democrats and Republicans in Congress and less than the percentage citing President Barack Obama (18 percent).
The poll respondents also said that United Nations scientists and popular U.S. television host Bill Nye "The Science Guy", carry more authority on climate change than U.S. politicians.
Al Jazeera and wire services