Members of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) have destroyed two historic mausoleums in the ancient city of Palmyra, Syria's top antiquities official said Wednesday, raising fears that the armed group could next target the town's famed Roman ruins.
Maamoun Abdulkarim, the head of the government's Antiquities and Museums Department, told The Associated Press that ISIL destroyed the grave of Mohammad Bin Ali, a descendant of Imam Ali, cousin of Islam's Prophet Muhammad and a deeply revered Shia imam. The grave was just north of Palmyra.
The second tomb is close to the city's famed Roman-era archaeological site and was the final resting place of a Sufi scholar, Nizar Abu Bahaa Eddine, who lived in Palmyra some 500 years ago.
ISIL follows a radical interpretation of Islam that views visiting tombs and religious shrines as tantamount to idol worshipping. They view Shias as heretics and the followers of Islam's mystical Sufi orders as deviants.
Since ISIL captured Palmyra last month, there have been fears that the group, who have destroyed famed archaeological sites in Iraq, would demolish Palmyra's sprawling Roman-era ruins, which were once one of the most popular tourist sites in the Middle East.
Earlier this week, Abdulkarim said he had received “unofficial news” from Palmyra that the group's fighters intended to blow up the town's main historic site and that he had contacted tribal chiefs in the area to try to dissuade them. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said it had received information that ISIL fighters have mined the site. The report could not be independently verified.
Palmyra's UNESCO world heritage site is famous for its 2,000-year-old Roman colonnades, other ruins and priceless artifacts. Before Syria's conflict began in 2011, tens of thousands of tourists visited the remote desert outpost, a cherished landmark referred to by Syrians as the “Bride of the Desert.”
Syrian authorities say they moved hundreds of priceless artifacts to Damascus ahead of the ISIL takeover last month, but the fate of those ruins too large to move is now in the hands of the hard-lined group. ISIL members have already looted and vandalized a museum in the Iraqi city of Mosul and have massively damaged the ancient cities of Hatra and Ninevah, both UNESCO world heritage sites.
The Associated Press