Former United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, whose term was marked by war in the former Yugoslavia and famine and genocide in Africa, has died, the president of the Security Council said on Tuesday. He was 93.
The 15-member Security Council observed a minute's silence after the death was announced by Venezuelan U.N. Ambassador Rafael Darío Ramírez Carreno, the head of the Security Council for February. No details were given.
An Egyptian, Boutros-Ghali served as U.N. chief from 1992 to 1996. The organization's first secretary-general from Africa, he associated himself with the famine in Somalia and organized the first massive U.N. relief operation there.
But success eluded him there and elsewhere as the U.N. tottered in an increasingly disorderly postcommunist world, with the world body and the big Security Council powers underestimating the deep animosity behind many conflicts.
He had a reputation for being prickly, and U.S. displeasure with him was the driving force in his departure.
Earlier, Boutros-Ghali had worked for Egyptian presidents Anwar Sadat and Hosni Mubarak. He accompanied Sadat on the historic 1977 visit to Jerusalem and played a prominent role in the subsequent Camp David accords on the Middle East.
He was criticized for the U.N.'s failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan genocide and for not pushing hard enough for U.N. intervention to end Angola's civil war in the 1990s, which was at the time one of the longest-running conflicts in the world.
Boutros-Ghali found himself jeered in Sarajevo, Mogadishu and Addis Ababa. His style was to wade into crowds and confront protesters when security guards permitted. “I am used to fundamentalists in Egypt arguing with me,” he told Reuters.
He shocked many in Sarajevo when he said that he was not trying to belittle the horrors in Bosnia but that there were other countries where the “total dead was greater than here.”
He told Somali warlords and clan leaders to stop accusing the United Nations and him of colonialism, adding that Somalis should be worried that former colonial powers would ignore their plight if they continued to fight.
“The Cold War is finished,” he said. “Nobody is interested in the poor countries in Africa or anywhere in the world. They can easily forget Somalia in 24 hours.”