The socialist policies introduced under Chávez's so-called "Bolivarian revolution," from 1999 to 2013, has split the citizenry. Government supporters, including community groups known as colectivos, in poor and working-class areas are fervent in their support of Chávez's revolution and stand behind his elected successor and former vice president, Nicolás Maduro. Meanwhile, many in the country's upper and middle classes oppose government policies and some go as far as to call Maduro a dictator.
The latest Fault Lines episode, "Venezuela Divided," attempts to make sense of the country's polarized population one year after the death of Hugo Chávez. The film airs Saturday, June 28, at 7 pm Eastern time/4 pm Pacific time on Al Jazeera America.
The 23 de Enero neighborhood in Caracas is known as a colectivo stronghold, and a place where the police don’t enter. It’s also known for the murals painted by the different community groups. Some murals depict revolutionary slogans and figures from Latin America; others represent struggles around the world, both past and present.